By Andrea Holwegner, For The Calgary Herald June 16, 2011
For Kathleen, who’s mom to three teenage girls, life was a household full of raging adolescent hormones and a revolving door of friendships – so she felt like rolling with change was something she was good at.
But when her youngest daughter Cate announced she was no longer eating meat, Kathleen found this was hard to manage.
For a while, Kathleen hoped that she would grow out of this, but after several months of food wars at supper she realized her daughter’s vegetarian commitment was not just a fad.
The good news is that with a little planning you can ensure your vegetarian teenagers get the nourishment they need to grow and be healthy.
Choosing to start off as a strict vegan who consumes no animal foods whatsoever is grounds for complete disaster.
Instead, I recommend all vegetarians start off slowly. Remind them that they need to be open to embracing new knowledge, foods and cooking skills. Working with a dietitian and purchasing some books and vegetarian recipe books is a good idea.
Make a deal with your teenager that you will support them with their vegetarian diet if they can prove to you they can do it in a healthy way.
Encourage them to start off with substituting a few traditional meat-based meals per week with vegetarian meals.
Then, if this is going well, they should become a lacto-ovo vegetarian who consumes dairy foods and eggs before ever considering complete elimination of all animal-derived foods.
Replace, don’t eliminate
Many teenage vegetarians dislike a wide range of veggies, so when they begin skipping meat, poultry and seafood, it means they could be subsisting on vegetarian pizza, french fries and sweets.
This, of course, doesn’t supply enough balanced nutrition to grow and develop properly. You may think your teenager is old enough to fend for themselves, but I rarely see teenage vegetarians achieve optimal nourishment without help from parents.
Many vegetarians don’t realize it is about replacing, not eliminating.
If your teen chooses not to eat meat, poultry or seafood that supply protein, iron and vitamin B12, they need to incorporate foods such as legumes (beans, lentils and chickpeas), nuts, seeds and soy foods (such as tofu or veggie burgers) instead.
As a rule of thumb, I would suggest aiming to eat these foods at least twice per day. For example, a day that includes black bean soup for lunch and a tofu based stir-fry for supper is a good start.
If dairy foods are not consumed, be sure to incorporate enough calcium-and vitamin D-fortified beverages and foods: aim to have three to four cups of fortified soy milk or fortified rice milk per day.
Be mindful of eating disorders
At my nutrition counselling practice, we treat teenage vegetarianism as a red flag for an eating disorder. While there are certainly political, environmental and other valid reasons to embrace a vegetarian lifestyle, sometimes the decision may stem from an attempt to lose weight -so it’s important to understand the underlying reasons.
Signs of a potential eating disorder may include body image dissatisfaction, restriction of junk foods or past foods typically enjoyed, increased exercise, not wanting to eat in front of others, using the washroom after eating, dieting or weight loss.
Body image issues in a growing adolescent and eating disorders do not go away on their own and instead require comprehensive help from health care specialists
Turning a potential eating disorder around early is far easier than waiting until the problem is deeply ingrained.
You, as a parent, have an intuitive sense to pick up on your teenager’s relationship with body image and food -trust this.
ANDREA HOLWEGNER, THE CHOCOHOLIC DIETITIAN, OWNS HEALTH STAND NUTRITION CONSULTING INC. VISIT WWW.HEALTHSTANDNUTRITION.COM OR PHONE 403-262-3466 FOR MORE INFORMATION ON PERSONALIZED NUTRITION COUNSELLING, PROFESSIONAL SPEAKING AND TO SUBSCRIBE TO HER BLOG OR FREE MONTHLY EZINE.
Five great vegetarian meals:
– Baked potato topped with canned beans in tomato sauce, grated cheese or soy cheese and a tossed salad.
– Taco salad with black beans, salsa, avocado, taco chips and salad dressing.
– Vegetarian pizza with peppers, onions, spinach, mushrooms, tomatoes and cheese or soy cheese.
– Stir-fry with mixed Asian veggies, tofu, sesame seeds or other nuts and teriyaki sauce served over noodles or rice.
– Chick pea or lentil Indian curry with veggies served with naan bread or rice.